These are some of the Pubs of Hoxne.
The Swan Inn is a 15th Century listed building, formerly known as Bishops Lodge. Built in 1480 by the Bishop of Norwich, The Swan's interior reflects Hoxne's ecclesiastical past, with ornate ceiling beams and wide-planked floors.
The existence of a C16 side passage suggests that the building was already an inn. The parlour has moulded cross-beams and a dragon beam, evidence that the front and gable end of this section were once jettied. The Ceiling of parlour chamber has 2 chamfered bridging beams intersecting with moulded axial beams; moulded joists, possibly re-used. A First floor room in former stair wing has a stuccoed fireplace over which is an early C18 plaster cartouche, the central oval tablet shows a Resurrection scene and above is a coat of arms which contained the sacred monogram IHS. This room is likely to have been a private chapel for a Roman Catholic family.
The following is a list of known publicans:
|1640||John Austin||Parish Burial Records||Tapster of The Swan, buried 10th July|
|1726||Henry Bilby||Ipswich Journal 23rd April|
|1741||George Gooch||Ipswich Journal 29th Jan 1742||Advert for the reletting of the Swan after the death of George Gooch - buried 14th Dec 1741 in Hockham, Norfolk|
|1757||John Capes||1757 Hoxne Hall estate map||John Capes buried 31st May 1763|
|1758||Robert & Ann Sack||Ipswich Journal 28th October||Previously the cook for Thomas Maynard|
|1777||William Spurdens||Norfolk Chronicle 25th January||When William was buried 24 April 1783 his widow, Frances, took over as landlady|
|1794||Widow Frances Jackson||Norfolk Chronicle 9th August|
|1807||James Chase||Ipswich Journal 7th March||James takes on the Swan at about this date|
|1825||William Huse||Ipswich Journal 15th October|
|1844||William Huse||White's Directory|
|1855||Simon Walker||White's Directory|
|1855||Simon Walker||Suffolk Chronicle||Advert to be let by Messrs Cotton & Co, Brewers, Eye, Suffolk|
|1858||Robert Grant||Post Office Directory|
|1869||John Calton||Kelly's Directory|
|1874||Edward Mortimer||White's Directory|
|1875||Edward Mortimer||The Post Office Directory|
|1877||Edward Mortimer||Framlingham Weekly News 10th November||Advert in Ipswich Journal 17th November for reletting from next February|
|1879||Charles Huggins||Kelly's Directory||Innkeeper & carpenter|
|1881||Charles Huggins||Census||Innkeeper & carpenter|
|1891||Charles Huggins||Census||Licensed victualler & Builder|
|1892||Charles Huggins||White's Directory||Licensed victualler, builder,contractor & farmer|
|1894||Charles Huggins||Ipswich Journal 26th May||Death of Charles Huggins|
|1896||Arthur Barker||Kelly's Directory||The Swan was called the Swan Hotel|
|1900||Arthur Barker||Kelly's Directory||The Swan was called the Swan Hotel|
|1901||Arthur Barker||Census||Licensed victualler & Auctioneer's Clerk|
|1911||William Craven Taylor||Census||Licensed victualler & Army Pensioner|
|1916||William Craven Taylor||Kelly's Directory||The Swan was called the Swan Hotel|
|1925/6||Mrs Elizabeth Taylor||Kelly's Directory||The Swan was called the Swan Inn|
|1928/9||Mrs Elizabeth Taylor||Kelly's Directory|
|1939||John A King||1939 Register|
|1950||H J Bullingham||Britsh Phone Book|
|1951||George James Mills||Diss Express|
|1960||A C Humphrey||Britsh Phone Book|
|1970||Raymond and Lillian Cranston|
|1971||Ken and Thelma Jermey||Diss Express|
|1972||Len and Moira Amesbury||Diss Express|
|1979||Peter and Ann Knights||Diss Express|
|1986||Anthony and Frances Thornton-Jones|
The following is an architectural appraisal of The Swan carried out by the Suffolk Historic Buildings Group in 1996.
The Swan is a fine early timber-framed building which has been studied in some detail by Stephen Heywood and Robert Smith.
Because of the way the upper floor was divided into three separate units, each with its own stair, an original use as a high class guests lodging house has been postulated. It was an Inn by 1619, a plan of that date also showing a carriage entrance which has since disappeared. The brick front was added in the 18th century and at the rear there have been various later additions.
The two principle ground floor rooms have good moulded ceilings. The diagonal dragon beam in the parlour ceiling shows that the front and south end walls were once jettied.
The narrow two-storied wing behind the main chimney stack is original. Its function is unclear but it may have been a porch. The first floor room in it was heated by a fireplace in the flank of the main stack.
The two-storied porch to the south is a slightly later addition of high quality, possibly an upgrading of the original porch. Note the jettied first floor and end gable, and yet another overhang at collar level! Also the open-sided arrangement on the ground floor.
Oriel and clerestorey windows lit the fine first floor chamber with a moulded cambered ceiling, like a church porch.
The two-storey outshut behind the parlour seems to have contained an original stair as well as a small end room on each floor, the upper of these lit by a window with three arch-headed lights.
With thanks to Stephen Heywood and Robert Smith of the Suffolk Historic Buildings Group.
The Grapes is a listed building in Cross Street, formerly known as the Grapes Inn. It is timber framed with a thatched roof. It is a former open hall house of c.15th century, the upper end rebuilt and enlarged c.1700. The original roof is intact and is considerably smoke-blackened. A floor was inserted in the hall in the late 16th century.
The following is a list of known publicans:
|1828||Noah Read||Bury & Norwich Post|
|1829||Robert Rush||Suffolk Chronicle 7th October||Robert Rush to leave the Grapes at Michaelmas|
|1833||Miller Roddwell||Ipswich Journal 6th July||Sale of The Grapes by Mr Rodwell|
|1842||Miller Rodwell||Suffolk Chronicle 22nd January||Sale of the goods of Miller Rodwell on leaving The Grapes to move to The Crown Inn, Framlingham|
|1844||J. Pipe||White's Directory||Innkeeper & Veterinary Surgeon|
|1855||Henry Mutimer||White's Directory|
|1858||Henry Mutimer||Post Office Directory||Inn keeper & Butcher|
|1861||Henry Mutimer||Census||Dealer & Inn keeper|
|1865||Alfred Rush||Kelly's Directory|
|1869||Charles Frost||Post Office Directory|
|1874||Charles Frost||White's Directory||Charles was buried 22nd April 1875 - aged 60|
|1875||Mrs Honor Frost||Post Office Directory|
|1876||Mrs Honor Frost||Ipswich Journal|
|1876||Mrs Honor Frost||Bury and Norwich Post 4th April||Sale of the Lower Brewery and 36 pubs including The Grapes by Charles Farrow of Diss. All bought for £30,000 by Messers Young, Crawshay & Co., Norwich on 20th March|
|1879||Edward Steward||Kelly's Directory|
|1883||Edward Steward||Kelly's Directory|
|1884||Edward Steward||Ipswich Journal 7th June||Funeral of Edward Steward who died on the 4th June|
|1888||Mrs Steward||Kelly's Directory|
|1892||Mrs Steward||White's Directory|
|1900||Mrs Emma Steward||Kelly's Directory|
|1904||Albert T. Aldred||Post Office Directory|
|1911||Patrick Daley||Census||Publican & Army Pensioner|
|1912||Patrick Daley||Post Office Directory|
|1916||William T. Bailey||Kelly's Directory|
|1922||William T. Bailey||Kelly's Directory|
|1925||William T. Bailey||Kelly's Directory||William died on the 3rd April 1929|
|1939||Reginald Warner||1939 Register|
|1940||Mr and Mrs Sussex A. Broad||Diss Express 15th March 1963||Became landlord and landlady in August 1940|
|1963||James Henry Ling||Diss Express 15th March 1963||Became landlord in March 1963|
|1970||Mr and Mrs Tony Feavearyear||Diss Express 13th February 1970||Took over in February 1970|
|1987||Alan and Jennie Oldfield||Diss Express 3rd January 1986|
|1990||Roy and Laura Slegg||Diss Express 26th October 1990|
In March 1996, Pubmaster Ltd, the owner of The Grapes, was given permission to convert the pub to a private residence. From 1991 to 1995 there had been 5 different tenants and, as the owners had failed to find a new tenant, it had been closed in October 1995 and boarded up. Trade had fallen to such a low level despite a number of efforts to make it a success.
The Ipswich sessions, reported in the Bury & Norwich Post on 23rd April 1828, stated that Robert Hunton had, under false pretences, obtained 7 quarts of beer from Mr Noah Read at the Grapes public-house at Hoxne. He received a sentence of one month's hard labour.
Reported in the Ipswich Journal of 13th July 1850, Josiah Harvey, aged 22, (incorrectly reported as Jonah) was convicted of stealing half-a-crown and other monies, the property of John Pipe, landlord of the Grapes public-house, Hoxne. As the prisoner had a previous conviction he was sentenced to be transported for ten years. A Josiah Harvey, who was convicted at the Ipswich Quarter Sessions on 5th July 1850 and sentenced to 10 years, was transported to Western Australia on the vessel 'Marion' on the 30th October 1851. The ship carried 280 male convicts according to the Australian Convict Transportation Registers.
There was an advert in the Ipswich Journal on the 18th March 1876 for the sale of The Grapes. This was part of the sale of the Lower Brewery in Diss and its associated public houses. The Grapes was described as a substantial full-licensed Inn , with ranges of Buildings, Front Garden and Orchard and 2a. 3r. 21p. of Arable and Pasture LAND, in the occupation of Mrs Honor Frost.
The club room at the Grapes was capable of holding about 100 people. Political meetings were held there in 1884.
The Red Lion Inn was timber framed with a thatched roof and was located in Cross Street. It was badly damaged by fire in 1964 and subsequently demolished.
Alec Jolly took over The Red Lion on 11th October 1958 and left 9th May 1964 when it burnt down. The pub was owned by the Steward and Patersons brewery rented, by Alec Jolly, for £26 per year, which also included 10 acres of land. Alec installed a Juke box shortly after taking over which brought in trade from further afield. There were 100-200 regular customers. Mostly bottled beer was sold(1pt was 10d) Draught cider was the same price bought in at 5d sold for 10d then put up to 1 shilling. Games, played in the pub, were shove halfpenny and darts.
The following is a list of known publicans:
|1757||Mary Abbott||1757 Hoxne Hall estate map|
|1777||John Stollery||Ipswich Journal 20th December|
|1801||John Stollery||Ipswich Journal 28th Nov 1801||Advert for auction of Cross Street properties at The Red Lion to be shown by John Stollery of the Lion Inn.|
|1802||John Stollery||Ipswich Journal 25th Sept 1802||Auction of contents of The Red Lion Inn late in the occupation of John Stollery, deceased - buried 7th July 1802, aged 59.|
|1844||Alfred Kent||White's Directory|
|1855||Alfred Kent||White's Directory|
|1858||William HIgh||Post Office Directory|
|1862||William High||Suffolk Chronicle 13th September||Sale of the goods of William High on leaving The Red Lion|
|1865||Charles Neaves||Kelly's Directory|
|1866||Charles Neaves||Suffolk Chronicle 17th March||Advert for letting The Red Lion by Mr B C Etheridge, Brewer, Eye, Suffolk|
|1867||Charles Neaves||Norfolk News 31st August||Readvertised for letting The Red Lion by Mr B C Etheridge, Brewer, Eye, Suffolk|
|1868||Charles Neaves||Suffolk Chronicle 29th August||Advertised again for letting The Red Lion by Mr B C Etheridge, Brewer, Eye, Suffolk|
|1869||Charles Neaves||Ipswich Journal 25th September||Sale of the goods of Charles Neaves on leaving The Red Lion|
|1871||John Bart Blomfield||Census|
|1875||George Bullingham||Post Office Directory||Innkeeper & Cattle dealer|
|1879||Edward Tye||Kelly's Directory||Innkeeper & Blacksmith|
|1881||Edward Tye||Census||Innkeeper & Blacksmith|
|1888||Edward Tye||Kelly's Directory||Innkeeper & Blacksmith|
|1891||Edward Tye||Census||Innkeeper & Blacksmith|
|1892||Edward Tye||Kelly's Directory|
|1896||Walter Huggins jun.||Kelly's Directory||Innkeeper, horse trainer & dealer, & district councillor|
|1900||Walter Huggins jun.||Kelly's Directory|
|1904||Walter Huggins jun.||Post Office Directory|
|1912||Chas. Smith||Kelly's Directory|
|1913||Charles Smith||Kelly's Directory|
|1922||Chas. Smith||Kelly's Directory|
|1929||Charles Smith||Kelly's Directory|
|1939||Archie Bird||1939 Register||Archie died in 1964|
|1958||Alec Jolly||Alec Jolly||Publican from 11 Oct 1958 until the Red Lion burnt down 9 May 1964|
The Red Lion caught fire on Saturday afternoon, 9th May 1964. The licensee's wife, Mrs Ivy Jolly, was the first to see that the wooden barn next door was alight. The strong westerly wind fanned the blaze onto the thatched roof of the Red Lion. It took the firemen nearly 20 hours to put out the flames and pull down the wrecked thatched roof. Two fireman narrowly escaped injury as one of the three chimneys suddenly collapsed.
Many local villagers turned out to save most of the furniture, beer and spirits despite the heat, smoke and the water from the firemen's hoses. Soon after the firemen had left, the customers turned up in scores bringing out the salvaged bottles and a juke box from the bar, setting up an open-air bar.
Someone had chalked the words "Business as usual" on the green baize top of a card table and put it on a heap of burnt thatch.
Alec Jolly, the licensee, tried to negotiate for a marquee and hoped to be able to carry on until the brewers, Steward & Patterson Ltd., decided the Red Lions future.
Sadly the pub was considered to be in too bad a condition and was subsequently demolished.
See also Alec Jolly's oral reminisences of Hoxne and The Red Lion →
With thanks to the Potter family for the pictures.
The Royal Oak is a timber framed building with a thatched roof. It is now a private residence called 'The Retreat'. It is in Chickering Road, Heckfield Green.
The Ipswich Journal of 2nd May 1789 reports the Swan Inn was burnt down.
"Thursday se'nnight a dinner was given to all the poor in the town of Hoxne, by the principle inhabitants there,on account of his Majesty's recovery; after which some guns were fired, when the wadding (as it is supposed) lodging upon the thatch of the Swan Inn, it unfortunately caught fire, and the house was soon reduced to ashes, notwithstanding every effort of the inhabitants to extinguish the flames. One man had his arm broke, and six others were terribly bruised, by the breaking of a ladder, whereon they were ascending to get on the top of the house."
However this seems to be incorrect as the Swan Inn is still standing!
The following advert was printed in the Ipswich Journal of 13th June 1789.
"On Wednesday, the 24th day of June instant, between Three and Five o'clock in the afternoon, at the Swan Inn, in the county of Hoxne.
The remaining Part of all that Messuage, being a Public House, called the Falcon, in Hoxne aforesaid, part whereof hath been lately destroyed by fire, and a six stalled stable entire, in good repair, together with the seite of the said house, and the yards and hemplands belonging thereto, containing about an acre, situate in the street of Hoxne aforesaid, all freehold.
Further particulars may be had by applying to Messrs. Browne and Taylor of Diss, Norfolk."
It seems that the original reporter confused the two pubs. The Falcon appears to have been a thatched building in the Street in Hoxne with stabling, yards and about an acre of land, unfortunately we do not know where it stood.
The church wardens accounts even mention the incident which was dated 23rd April 1789
"Upwards of 400 poor people dined in the Low Street at Hoxne by a voluntary subscription of £ s.d. in commemmoration of the Kings happy recovery from a fit of insanity.... The day concluded with melancholly circumstance of the burning of the Falcon publick House. (never any more suffer the firing of guns on rejoicing days)"
The following is a list of known publicans:
|1782||Robert Talbot||Ipswich Journal 16th November|
|1785||Robert Talbot||Ipswich Journal 17th September|
In September 1787 the Petty Sessions for the Hoxne Hundred for the hiring and retaining of servants was held at the Falcon.(The Ipswich Journal 22nd September 1787)